What is an Occupation-based practitioner

What is an Occupation-based practitioner? Most people would stare at you with a confused expression on their face if you asked them what an occupation-based practitioner is or does. In this essay I am going to explain what an occupation-based practitioner is, does and why they are important to the occupational therapy field. I will first explain a little about occupational therapy and how occupational therapists benefit clients.
Occupational therapy is a practice that helps people of all ages with disabilities, illnesses, and injuries get back to doing the occupations and the activities they love. Occupational therapy is the only therapy based on what the client finds interesting and what the client wants to do to benefit their daily living. We as Occupational therapist try to help better a person’s life by giving them independence thus giving the client their “life” back. We look at what the client needs help with and then we help improve their independence by interventions and activities based on their desired occupation. Occupation-based practice and practitioners work on occupations that are important to the client. They treat the client with activities and interventions that help to reach the main occupational goal. For example if the client wants to be able to feed their dog independently the occupation-based practitioner would create activities or teach the use of tools to aide in the ability for the client to independently feed their dog.
The occupation-based practice was based on the idea of using occupations as a form of intervention. “Occupation-based interventions are defined as activities that support performance in the following areas of occupation: activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation” (AOTA, 2014). There are a lot of reasons we should use occupation-based practice in our personal practices. One reason is that it is a more holistic approach to occupational therapy. This approach allows us to get to know our clients, their needs, and their interests along with their medical history. This proves to our clients that we are interested in what works best for them and what they want, rather than what their diagnosis says we as practitioners should do for them to help them reach their desired occupations independently. Occupation-based practice is a great way to incorporate the interests of your clients and occupational therapy’s interventions to reach the clients goals which are based on their everyday routines. Another reason occupation-based therapy is important to our practices is because the interventions for each client are always changing. Unlike physical therapy, occupation-based occupational therapy is always changing so the client never does the same activities every session.
Occupation-based practitioners are vital to occupational therapy’s practice. There are a bunch of other therapies that are trying to take over what occupational therapy does. Occupation based practices and practitioners keep occupational therapy separate from physical therapy and other therapies. We as occupational therapists base our practice on occupation-based practice and this give us a very special job. We get to help people to do what they love and help them do their daily routines and rituals independently.
Occupation-based practitioners are essential to occupational therapy. It is a type of intervention that is been studied and is in the vision 2020 of the American Occupational Therapy Association or AOTA. Occupation-based practice is what sets occupational therapist apart from all the other therapies.

References:
• Lloyd, K., ; Gee, B. M. (2016). Use of Occupation-Based Practice by Therapists: A National Practice Pattern Analyzed. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 70(4_Supplement_1). doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.70s1-po2051

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• (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.aota.org/-/media/Corporate/Files/Advocacy/State/Resources/PracticeAct/Model Definition of OT Practice Adopted 41411.ashx

• Driscoll, J. (2004). Book Mark: Occupation-Based Practice: Fostering Performance and ParticipationOccupation-Based Practice: Fostering Performance and Participation (2002) LawMaryBaumCarolynBaptisteSue (Eds) Slack Incorporated 6900 Grove Road Thorofare, NJ, 08086 146 pages; $34.00 US ISBN:1-55642-564-3. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71(1), 61-61. doi:10.1177/000841740407100112