The Populist Movement in Texas was a movement to change Texas after reconstruction
The Populist Movement in Texas was a movement to change Texas after reconstruction. The Populist party was founded in 1891 and consisted of members from the Farmer’s Alliance, the Colored Farmer’s Alliance, the Old Granger Party, socialists, the Prohibition Party, the Free Silver Party, the Knights of Labor, the Greenback party and essentially any person that felt as though they had been “cut out of the political process” (Frazier, 0:57) and had nowhere else to fit. Because of this, the Populist party was also known as the People’s party.
The Populist Movement was unique because it consisted of the country’s farmers and agricultural workers, which are a vital part of the United States. The movement also gained the attention of many people in several states.
The Populist party had several financial, transportation, labor, and social goals. For finance, the Populist wanted free and unlimited coinage of silver with a fixed exchange rate, to abolish national banks, graduated income tax, an increase in money supply, and a federal sub-treasury. The populists wanted the railroads, utilities, communications such as radio, and other natural monopolies to be government owned. They were for land reform, immigration reform, civil service reform, and a better workplace.
The Populist party was successful at the state level, but once it reached the national level, it did not survive. The Republican party used their “sound money” platform in 1896 and the Democratic party adopted the free coinage of silver and ultimately won over the majority of the Populist members. Once the Democratic president was elected, though, he declared a gold standard and an economic crisis ensued.
“Lesson 46: Texas and the Populist Revolt,” YouTube video, 5:05, Feb 23, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLcmf2IFsZ4&index=2&list=PL5z8esa1tgb-Sf0PdcAbRWV9loRm6mL6L