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Obesity Diagnose and Treatments Obesity is a condition in which fat has aggregated to the extent that it may have an effect on health

Obesity Diagnose and Treatments
Obesity is a condition in which fat has aggregated to the extent that it may have an effect on health. People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement gathered by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the person’s height, is over 30 kg/m2, with the range 26–30 kg/m2 defined as overweight. Obesity increases the likelihood of numerous diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis and depression.
Diagnose
If his/her Body Mass Index is in the obese range, his/her medical practitioner will check his/her health history in detail, perform a physical exam and suggest some tests.
These exams and tests generally include: firstly, taking his/her health history. his/her doctor may review his/her weight history, weight-loss efforts, workout habits, eating style, what other conditions he/she had, medications, stress levels and other risks about your health. . his/her doctor may also review his/her family’s health history to see if his/her may be predisposed to certain conditions. Secondly, a physical exam. This includes also measuring his/her height; checking vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and temperature; listening to his/her heart and lungs; and examining his/her abdomen. Thirdly, calculating his/her BMI. his/her doctor will check his/her body mass index (BMI) to determine his/her level of obesity. This should be done at least once a year. his/her BMI also helps determine his/her health risk and what treatment may be appropriate. Fourthly, measuring his/her waist circumference. Fat around his/her waist, called visceral fat or abdominal fat, may increase his/her risk of diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease. Females with a waist measurement (circumference) of more than 36 inches (80 centimeters, or cm) and males with a waist measurement of more than 40 inches (102 cm) may have more health risks than do people with smaller waist measurements. Like the BMI measurement, his/her waist circumference should be checked annually. Fifthly, checking for other health problems. If his/her have known health problems, his/her doctor will evaluate them. his/her doctor will also check for other possible health problems, such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Finally, blood tests. What tests he/she has depend on his/her health, risk factors and any current symptoms he/she may be having. Tests may contain a cholesterol test, liver function tests, a fasting glucose, a thyroid test and others. his/her doctor may also suggest certain heart tests, such as an electrocardiogram. All in all, gathering all this information helps he/she and his/her doctor determine how much weight he/she need to lose and what health conditions or risks he/she already has. And this will guide treatment decisions.
Treatment
The aim of obesity treatment is to reach and stay at a healthy weight. he/she may need to work with a team of health professionals — including a dietitian, behavior counselor or an obesity specialist — to help he/she understand and make changes in his/her eating and activity habits.
The initial treatment goal is a modest weight loss — 2 to 6 percent of his/her total weight. That means that if he/she weigh 200 pounds (91 kg) and are obese by BMI standards, he/she would need to lose only about 6 to 10 pounds (2.7 to 4.5 kg) for his/her health to begin to improve. However, the more weight he/she lose, the greater the benefits.
All weight-loss programs require changes in his/her eating habits and increased physical activity. The treatment process that is right for he/she depends on his/her level of obesity, his/her health and his/her willingness to participate in his/her weight-loss plan. Other treatment tools include: dietary changes, exercise and activity, prescription weight-loss medications, and weight-loss surgery.
Referenences:

Obesity – Diagnosis and treatment – Mayo Clinic Internet. Mayoclinic.org. 2018 cited 25 April 2018. Available from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/obesity/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20375749
Obesity Disease Reference Guide – Drugs.com Internet. Drugs.com. 2018 cited 25 April 2018. Available from: https://www.drugs.com/mcd/obesity