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Integrated forms of settlement pattern

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Integrated forms of settlement pattern, including its urban type, have rapidly developed in recent decades in the developed world but in the developing countries, like Nepal have recently introduced by the geographers and planners. But, in the past three to four decades’ governments increasingly have attempted to influence patterns of spatial resource allocation and population distribution. These efforts usually have been prompted by two concerns. First, there is a widespread feeling in many countries that one or more of the largest cities is too big, in the sense that the social costs of further growth exceed the social benefits. It is also widely felt that assistance should be given to promote the growth of lagging regions. These regions are usually rural and tend to have a relatively high proportion of their employment in the primary sector, but in some instances they are old industrial areas that need modernization. Clearly the issues of enormous urban areas, slacking districts, and different parts of any given nation are not free of each other on the grounds that the different regions are connected by streams of products and ventures, movement, data, and so on. Territorial and urban approaches dependably have outcomes for the entire of the national domain, regardless of whether they were proposed to do as such. Hence strategy producers ought to have a sensibly decent handle of the structure of human settlement frameworks and of the idea of the procedures that underlie advancing settlement designs. This paper introduces a concise basic synopsis of the cutting edge of social science contributions in such matters and demonstrates promising headings for future major research efforts.
Settlement geography and integrated settlement in Nepal: Some policy implications
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In the case of Nepal, the governments first became interested in human settlements policies there was surprisingly little guidance available from the social sciences. However, in the early 1990s it could still be said that “the conceptual structure necessary for intelligent making of policy is in its infancy. The social sciences, principally economics and sociology, have been laggard in taking notice of space; while geography, which has always dealt with space, has lacked analytic power” (Friedmann ; Alonso, 1964, p. 1).
Today the situation is quite different, especially in the economics and geography disciplines. With respect to economics there has been a remarkable international expansion of university programs, books and journals dealing with urban and regional problems. This has been due in large measure to the fact that significant amounts of governmental funds have become available to support such activities. Moreover, geography has undergone a quantitative-theoretical revolution; indeed, one of its most brilliant leaders has suggested, in a recent private communication, that the movement has already “run its course and may even be spinning its wheels.”
Indeed, even after these real ongoing advancements it isn’t extraordinary to discover more seasoned ways to deal with human settlements as yet being utilized notwithstanding their impediments. Cases incorporate focal place hypothesis, send out base hypothesis and information yield investigation. As a result of their resilience they will be inspected quickly in the accompanying segment. At that point consideration will be swung to a model which endeavors to clarify spatial fleeting development forms in urban frameworks by combining various strands produced generally in monetary and geographic examinations made in the 1990s. Next the ampleness of this model is addressed in the light of experimental proof and ongoing changes in human settlement designs. The rest of the paper is committed to ebb and flow spatial arrangement issues and to an exploration procedure for managing them.

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