In the next few years the energy crisis is the deficiency of fuel for the daily requirements of millions of people
In the next few years the energy crisis is the deficiency of fuel for the daily requirements of millions of people. Biogas is an important source of energy which can be regenerated, a source of improved organic fertilizer, a mechanism for wastage management and is a progressive technology. The main objective of biogas is to upgrade the sustainable production of renewable energy. Biogas plants are suitable to the technical abilities and economic potential of farmers. Biogas technology is extremely significant to the ecological and economic demands of the future.
A biogas plant produces energy and fertilizer. It improves hygiene and protects the environment. Therefore The biogas plant must be a symbol of social progress. The biogas plant must be technically progressive. Unsatisfactory performance of biogas units occurs mostly due to planning mistakes. The effects of these mistakes may be seen immediately or after several years. Therefore careful planning is important to avoid irreversible stages. As biogas production is expensive, it should not be a temporary set up.
The efficiency of biogas plant can be improved if properly designed. The design of biogas plant must not be primal.
Therefore determining size of biogas plant is the initial step in biogas plant. The process is initiated with the estimation of aggregate and qualitative energy requirements of the user. Then the biogas generating potential is calculated for the given biomass production and compared to the energy demand. Energy demand and the gas generating potential can not be determined in planning phase. Sizing of plant (digester, gasholder, etc) is the next step in the planning process.
Because of the lack of managerial and technical knowhow regarding selection, installation and operational aspects of a biogas plant, the full potential of the biogas producing material is not utilized, and plants often function below the desired efficiency level. Several calculations are needed for design of biogas plants. This requires time and effort,with the possibility of making an error.
A graphical user interface with software was developed for designing modified PAU Janta model biogas plant MATLAB R2015a. The input is given as size of biogas plant and retention time and output is shown as dimensions of different components such as mixing tank, digester, dome and outlet tank. The computed dimensions were compared with the manual calculation and results were matching as indicated by t-test at 95% confidence level. The main aim is to develop an android application which shows dimensions of the biogas plant on giving input as size of biogas plant and the retention time. The aim of developing this tool was to reduce the recurring effort in designing biogas plant along with uniformity and accuracy in design.
The main aim is to develop an soft application which shows dimensions of the biogas plant on giving input as size of biogas plant and the retention time.